PIER is an acronym used by CRA that stands for Pensionable Insurable Earnings Review. Every year when CRA receives your T4 employee slips they run a PIER calculation to ensure employees and employers have contributed correctly to CPP and EI. The report in your PAYEVO account will recalculate CPP, EI, QPP and QPIP to see if there are any deficiencies that could have been caused by;
- Incorrect Date of Birth that has been changed
- Incorrect exempt settings that have been changed
- Running too many regular pay runs
- Manual modifications within a pay run
*All calculations are based on CRA and Revenue Quebec guidelines and formulas, but cannot account for some user errors that fall outside of these prescribed guidelines.
You should run a PIER Report before you run a final payroll before terminating an employee or before your last pay of the calendar year. This will allow you to make corrections in the final pay.
How to run a PIER Report
To start, you will need to know the number of pay periods worked by each employee. To get this, run a General PAY EXPLORER (DYNAMIC) Report for the entire year and export it to XLS. Review From/TO dates to look for duplicates. If there are multiple pay runs for the same work dates they are duplicates and will count as 1 period worked. Add up the number of periods worked after accounting for the duplicates.
To access the new PIER Report
- Go to REPORTS>YEARLY>PIER REPORT
- Your real-time results will display onscreen based on the information in the system
- For CPP/QPP you must update the Periods Worked (if different than how many pay runs were performed or date of birth was changed) and use the tab key/click elsewhere on the page to recalculate
- Periods Worked are the number of Pay Periods the employee worked, regardless of the number of pay runs performed for that period. Example, you ran a regular, a special and a manual pay run all for the same work dates. This would count as 1 period worked because the work dates are all the same.
- When you update the periods worked, click the Tab key on your keyboard, or click elsewhere on the screen with your mouse, to have it recalculate
- For QPP if your employee turned 18 during the year, only enter the number of periods worked that were paid starting in the month after turning 18
- Each section has a PDF/XLS option to download the report and save it for your records. This report will regenerate each time you open it so we recommend saving each section
Understanding your Report
*If the amounts are +/- $1.00 this could be a result of rounding individual pay runs. Typically these are ignored by CRA/MRQ
If you have an amount owing/refund in the Employee Owing/Refund Column you can make adjustments in the employee’s next pay.
- If you plan on making changes in a pay run please download EACH section of this report where there is a balance for your records
- On the employee’s next pay when you get to the review step of the pay run click on the employees name and ADD/SUBTRACT the owing/refund from their relevant tax box
- Click save
- Making this adjustment will update the employer portions as well
- Example- employee 1 has overpaid CPP by $7.08
In the next pay run on the review step click on the employee’s name and reduce the CPP on screen by $7.08 and click save
Re-run the PIER Report to confirm and the employee should no longer show in the list
Remit to CRA as normal (via ePay with remittances or based on your reports)
If the employee no longer works for your company and there was an underpayment you can manually update the Employee YTD and save it. You are unlikely to receive a PIER from CRA or an assessment from MRQ, but you MUST
- Pay any amounts owing directly to CRA/MRQ before your final remittance due date for the calendar year
- Collect funds back from the employee directly
*See CRA/MRQ guidelines for what to do if you are unable to get funds back from an employee
If there was an overpayment and the employee no longer works for you DO NOT modify the employee YTD. The employee can claim overpayments back on their personal income tax returns. For company portions you will need to work with CRA/MRQ and your accountant directly to attempt to recover these funds.